Antiviral Drug Development and Treatment Strategies
Antiviral drugs are a class of medication used specifically for treating viral infections. Antiviral drugs are one class of antimicrobials, a larger group which also includes antibiotic (also termed antibacterial), antifungal and antiparasitic drugs, or antiviral drugs based on monoclonal antibodies. Outbreaks of influenza happen each year and regularly achieve pandemic levels at some part of the season. Antiviral medications are a second line of protection framework against flu contamination. The antiviral medications have been affirmed for treatment of intense uncomplicated flu and for some preventive employments. Tamiflu (oseltamivir phosphate), Relenza (zanamivir) and Rapivab (peramivir) are the three FDA-affirmed flu antiviral medications suggested by CDC for use against as of late coursing flu infections. There is a great need for antiviral drugs with increased potency and decreased toxicity. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has estimated that routine immunization of newborns prevents about 42,000 deaths and 20 million cases of disease each year, saving about $13.6 billion.